The overall aim of Sustainable Development Goal 5
The Sustainable Development Goal 5, “Gender Equality”, strives to achieve gender equality and to empower all women and girls. According to the United Nations (2015, p.6), the main reason this goal should be achieved is the fact that every single woman and girl has the right to be treated equally and without the fear of physical or sexual abuse/violence, since the achievement of full human potential and of sustainable development is not possible if one half of humanity continues to be denied its full human rights and opportunities. Additionally, granting the equal rights and opportunities to women and girls is the fundamental foundation for a sustainable and peaceful world.
But still today we know that violence against women is a very crucial problem – for example 18% of ever-partnered women and girls aged 15 to 49 years have experienced physical and/or sexual partner violence. Although women make 39% of the workforce, only 27% of managerial positions are held by a woman. In 18 countries, husbands have the right by law to prevent their wives from working and in 39 countries sons and daughters do not have equal inheritance rights. Those mentioned are just some of the problems women and girls must face today.
As part of the sustainable development goal 5 nine targets have been set to change the unfavourable situation of women and girls (United Nations, 2015):
End all forms of discrimination against women and girls.
End all forms of violence against all women and girls in the public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation.
End all harmful practices, such as child, early and forced marriage and female genital mutilation.
Recognize and value unpaid care and domestic work by providing public services, infrastructure and social protection policies. Promote shared responsibility within the household and the family.
Ensure women’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decision making in political, economic and public life.
Ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights.
Undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to ownership and control over land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance and natural resources, in accordance with national laws.
Enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and communications technology, to promote the empowerment of women.
Adopt and strengthen sound policies and enforceable legislation for the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls at all levels.