Upload vcc file
Uploading and processing
vcc file loaded
Module 5: CLIMATE ACTION (SDG13) _CY
Section: Learning Tool 2
Learning Tool 2
The effects of burning fossil fuels and what we can do to reduce pollution from vehicles and engines.
With this tool, students are expected to:
- Gain knowledge regarding the effect of air pollution on climate change
- Understand the effects of burning fossil fuel
- Be able to recommend solutions for reducing use of fossil fuels
- Learn to cooperate in teams
- Gain ability to evaluate information and arguments and to do something with their ideas
- Think as global citizens
- Define alternatives for action and set priorities, and make smart and informed decisions
- Respond positively towards achieving SDG13
- Raise innovative ideas and non-traditional solutions regarding SDG13
see the annex
2h 30 min
Group size 15-20 students (7th grade age 12-13)
Students answer questions like:
What does the term climate change mean?
What does the term air pollutant mean?
What are fossil fuels, and what happens when they burn?
How burning fossil fuels leads to climate change?
Students watch a presentation on the effects of burning fossil fuels.(see annex)
Class discussion about the presentation:
What is the primary greenhouse gas emitted in North Macedonia through human activities?
What are the major sources of CO2 emitted in the country, by economic sector?
What are the major byproducts of the burning of coal?
Which fossil fuel has the highest CO2 emissions?
Which fossil fuel has the lowest CO2 emissions?
Which fossil fuel is the largest contributor to CO2 emissions?
What could we do to reduce CO2 emissions?
(1 h 30 min)
Students fill in worksheet questioners of what they learned (see annex)
Students create a chart with their everyday activities and their daily means of transport.(see annex)
Students make a list of different means of transport and their effects to the environment.
Students in groups do an online research on What You Can Do to Reduce Pollution from Vehicles and Engines.
Students present their findings in a form of an essay. (see annex)
Tips for the teacher
Tips for the teacher
Tips for the teacher
The teacher asks questions to review terms like fossil fuel, climate change, air pollution, etc.
Teacher encourages discussion about the presentation.
Teacher hands out worksheets.
Teacher encourages students to talk about their everyday activities and what type of transportation they use.
The teacher gets students involved in a discussion on the following matter:
- What sort of transport do they use?
- How do cars affect the environment and climate change?
- How we can reduce the usage of cars?
5. Teacher invites students to present their findings.
6. Teacher invites students to inform their parents of what they learned.
Students design posters to raise awareness of the effects of burning fuels and how we can reduce it. The posters are placed around the school and published on social media. Students present their findings in a form of an essay or they can do a PowerPoint presentation. Students can also conduct a survey on how aware are people about the effect on burning fossil suels.
Chart “Everyday activities and means of transport”
Essay presentation What You Can Do to Reduce Pollution from Vehicles and Engines
Worldwide, the most widely used modes for passenger transport are the cars. There are many forms of the car that is used around the world for personal transport. Cars provide flexibility and freedom that people really value and want.
But how do cars effect the environment around us?
Car pollutants cause immediate and long-term effects on the environment. Car exhausts emit a wide range of gases and solid matter, causing global warming, acid rain, and harming the environment and human health. Engine noise and fuel spills also cause pollution.
What do most cars today run on and how do those fuels effect the enviroment?
Gasoline or petrol is the most common fuel used in cars today. The hydrocarbons contained in gasoline and its production of carbon dioxide when burned contributes to pollution, smog and global warming.
Diesel fuel is widely used in transport vehicles such as tractor-trailer trucks, buses, boats and trains. This fossil fuel is also non-renewable, like gasoline. Although it contributes less carbon dioxide to the environment, diesel creates more organic compounds and nitrous oxide that cause smog.
Bio-diesel is a diesel substitute made from sugar beet, rapeseed or palm oil. Bio-diesel burns much cleaner than standard gas or diesel and produces far less carbon dioxide emissions when used. However, continued production of this substance may result in excessive deforestation.
Is car pollution a cause of Global Warming?
Car pollution is one of the major causes of global warming. Cars and trucks emit carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases, which contribute one-fifth of the United States' total global warming pollution. Greenhouse gases trap heat in the atmosphere, which causes worldwide temperatures to rise. Without greenhouse gases, the Earth would be covered in ice, but burning excessive amounts of fossil fuels, such as gasoline and diesel, has caused an increase of 0.6 degrees Celsius, or 1 degree F, in global temperatures since pre-industrial times, and this will continue to rise over the coming decades. Warmer global temperatures affect farming, wildlife, sea levels and natural landscapes.
What can we do in order to reduce Car Pollution?
Here are some eco-friendly transportation ideas that have a positive impact on the environment:
1. Bikes, Scooters and Hoover Boards
Bicycles are an age-old method of getting to the places you need to go. These modes of transportation are so beneficial to the environment that you never have to worry about them negatively impacting the environment with loud noises of harmful carbon monoxide emissions into the atmosphere.
Nowadays fans of low impact transportation, such as bicycles, have great selections. You may also want to consider riding a scooter or moped to your destination. And if you’re feeling futuristic, options like hoverboards and electric bikes may suit you well. All of these options have shown to be environmentally friendly transportation.
2. Electric/Hybrid Vehicles
The uprising of cars that don’t require gas to operate has been rapidly evolved over the past years. Drivers have switched out pulling up to gas stations for plugging their hybrid vehicles into electric power supplies. These cars charge fairly easy -using domestic 13amp, or 110-volt, outlets at home or on-the-go.
One of the most popular car brands to hit the environmentally safe community is Tesla.
3. Car Pooling
Carpooling is not a new concept but it is a useful and relevant one. Essentially, you and others ride together if you’re going to the same location. This greatly cuts down on the number of cars on the road- which decreases harmful emissions and traffic. Some states, such as Arizona, have integrated this practice into their rules and regulations. Your ride may be cheaper if you choose to share a vehicle with someone. These incentives are helpful for encouraging people to be more environmentally conscious.
4. Public Transportation
Although some buses and other public transportation have raised concerns in the past, using these modes of transportation still may help out the environment. Public transportation typically follows the same model as carpooling. It could be beneficial to leave your car home sometimes and take the bus. There have also been more recent developments to public transit that would qualify them as green transportation, such as electric trolley cars and trains. Depending on where you live, your city or state may already be implementing some healthier solutions to transform transportation systems.
This may be the most simple solution there is. Just walk! Save yourself money by walking to your local destinations. Walking is also great exercise, helps you clear your mind and doesn’t require a schedule to do. Buy stable walking shoes and shoe inserts if you need extra support. Help the environment by getting those legs moving with family, friends or even a solo stroll.
Don’t Just Stop at Eco-Friendly Transportation
We should all be pitching in to help preserve the planet. Eco-friendly transportation isn’t the only thing you can do. Making small adjustments to your daily living could go a long way.